The choice between single- and dual-plane manifolds for a small-block Ford comes down to a simple matter of engine operating speed.
In choosing the correct carbureted intake manifold for your small-block Ford, there are a great many things to consider. When it comes to carbureted intake manifolds, the most popular varieties fall into one of two categories — single- or dual-plane. Deciding between the two is a difficult decision, as there is almost never a clear-cut winner, especially for a street or street/strip combination.
Though choosing the proper intake is critical for maximum performance, even the word maximum means different things to different enthusiasts. Does maximum mean peak horsepower, peak torque or average power production through the entire rev range? Now toss in additional considerations like drivability, fuel mileage, and even torque converter compatibility, and the choice becomes even more difficult.
Single- or dual-plane, that is the question. Which is the hot intake setup for a street/strip 347 stroker?
While we all like to brag about the peak power numbers produced by our Fords, the reality is that the vast majority of carbureted small-blocks spend most of their time well below that power peak. Truth be told, the vast majority of driving is spent below the torque peak, especially on street and street/strip engines.
While this intake test is indicative of the results for nearly every V8, the choice between single- and dual-plane manifolds for a small-block Ford comes down to a simple matter of engine operating speed. The dual-plane design — like the Edelbrock Performer RPM tested on our 347 Ford — was designed to enhance power production lower in the rev range, at least in comparison with the single-plane.
We stuffed the late-model iron 5.0-liter block with a new rotating assembly including a stroker crank and rods from Speedmaster along with a set of JE forged pistons and Total Seal rings.
It is this flexibility and broad torque curve that makes the dual-plane ideal for many applications. Those in favor of the single-plane are quick to point out that the dual-plane will likely sacrifice power at top of the rev range. For high-RPM, race engines, designed to produce power at the top of the rev range, engine builders almost always choose the single-plane. High-rpm race engines are a small segment of the performance population, and for most stock, mild or even performance buildups, the dual-plane might well be a better choice, but what better way to find out than by putting them to the test?
Rather than select a stock or even mild 5.0-liter Ford, we really wanted to push those intakes with the power curve produced by a stroker engine.
Before we could compare the two intake designs, we needed a suitable test engine. Rather than select a stock or even mild 5.0-liter Ford, we really wanted to push those intakes with the power curve produced by a stroker engine. That’s why we opted for the vaunted 347, which is one of the most commonly available stroker assemblies offered for the 8.2-inch-deck-height, 5.0-liter block.
The production 5.0-liter engine features a 4.00-inch bore with a 3.00-inch stroke. By contrast, the 347 features a .030-inch overbore (4.030 inches), and 3.40-inch stroke. The stroker crank and 5.40-inch forged rods came from Speedmaster, while the forged, flat-top pistons were supplied by JE.
We installed a COMP Cam designed specifically for stroker applications. The XFI236HR-14 offered .579 lift, a 236/248-degree duration split and 114-degree lobe-separation angle.
Rounding out the short-block is a COMP XFI236HR cam delivering .579 lift, a 236/248-degree duration split and 114-degree lobe separation angle. COMP also supplied a set of drop-in hydraulic-roller lifters, a double-roller timing chain and hardened pushrods for our stroker. A Melling high-volume oil pump, an ARP oil-pump drive, and a factory oil pan rounded out the short-block.
To ensure the stroker short-block and COMP XFI cam had plenty of airflow, we installed a set of ProMaxx aluminum cylinder heads. The 210cc ProMaxx heads feature intake ports that flow over 320 cfm. In addition to full CNC porting, the heads utilize 60cc combustion chambers and a 2.08/1.60, stainless-steel valve package.
Topping our 347 stroker short-block was a set of ProMaxx aluminum heads. The heads featured full CNC porting that extracted over 320 cfm from the 210cc intake ports. Fel-Pro 1011-2 head gaskets and ARP head studs seal the heads to the short-block. The Comp XFI cam was teamed with a set of hydraulic-roller lifters, hardened pushrods and 1.6-ratio roller rockers. The ProMaxx heads were outfitted with a spring and retainer package from COMP designed for our sub-.600 lift, hydraulic-roller cam profile. Covering the rockers was a set of Speedmaster cast-aluminum valve covers.
Given the flow rate and port volumes, these heads were likely a better choice for a 600-horsepower stroked Windsor with over 392 cubes, but we knew there would be no shortage of airflow for our 347.
The one thing missing from the supplied heads was a spring package. After checking the required installed height, spring pressure and maximum lift, we settled on a set of springs (PN 939), spring seats (PN4771), and titanium retainers (PN 732) from COMP Cams. The combination provided plenty of coil-bind clearance for our .579-lift XFI cam, along with the ability to rev safely past 6,500 rpm, without fear of valve float. The rpm capability was important, as the single-plane combination wanted to make peak power at 6,500 RPM.
Our 347 belts out beautiful horsepower music through a set of 1 ¾-inch, Hooker Super Comp headers designed for a Fox-chassis Mustang application. The header fed 18-inch (3.0-inch diameter) collector extensions.
With the long-block essentially complete, all that was necessary were a few finishing touches. First off, L&R Automotive internally balanced the rotating assembly, so we installed the appropriate damper from Speedmaster. To ensure the damper stayed in place, we secured it with an ARP damper bolt.
To ensure the ignition never missed a beat, we installed this MSD billet distributor along with a 6AL ignition amplifier.
Tested on the ProMaxx-headed 347 stroker, the intake teste once again illustrated the single/dual-plane conundrum. Judged solely by peak numbers, the single-plane Victor Jr. bested the dual-plane Performer RPM, by producing 441 horsepower to just 434 hp, but is that the whole story? Looking elsewhere on the curve, dual-plane intake offered more power up to 4,900 rpm. In most acceleration contests, the dual-plane would have the initial edge and the single-plane would be forced to play catch-up, to say nothing of how often you use the power above and below 5,000 rpm. The torque curves echo what we saw in the power curves, with a hefty torque advantage going to the dual-plane. As much as we’d all love to have the torque of the dual-plane with the peak power of the single-plane, life always comes down to a choice. Will you use the extra 25-30 lb-ft of torque more often than the 15 horsepower out at 6,700 rpm?
We rounded out the combo with plenty of spark, exhaust flow and fuel thanks to an MSD distributor and 6AL ignition amplifier. Maximizing exhaust flow was a set of 1 ¾-inch, Super Comp headers for a Fox chassis fromHooker. To enhance torque production down low, the headers fed 18-inch collector extensions. AHolley650 Ultra XP carburetor fed both intakes. We did play around with a larger 750 version, but it offered no power gains.
Taking the Test
Speaking of power, we first hit the dyno with the Edelbrock Performer RPM dual-plane intake atop the 347. As indicated, the this intake was designed to enhance torque production lower in the rev range than the single-plane Victor Jr., and that is exactly what happened.
Run with the dual-plane, the ProMaxx-headed 347 stroker produced 434 horsepower at 6,200 rpm and 412 lb-ft of torque at 4,400 rpm. Torque production with the dual-plane exceeded 400 lb-ft from 3,800 rpm to 5,100 rpm, making for a broad, usable torque curve.
Moving on to the single-plane Edelbrock Victor Jr. intake, the peak horsepower output jumped to 441 horsepower at (a slightly higher) 6,500 rpm, but peak torque dropped to 405 lb-ft at (again, higher) 5,000 rpm. The single-plane offered more power above 4,900 rpm, but lost out below that. The plane truth is that the choice between the two intake designs (as always), comes down to where you favor the power production. The upside is no matter which one you choose, Edelbrock has you covered.
Topping each of the intakes tested on the 347 was this Holley 650 Ultra XP carburetor. In addition to having a number of desirable features, the 650 XP was sized perfectly for the little Ford stroker (we tested a larger version with no gains).
Representing the dual-plane contingent was this Edelbrock Performer RPM. The dual-plane design promised impressive torque production with plenty of peak power. The Victor Jr. stepped in the ring for the single-plane boys. The short runners and common plenum was designed for high-rpm power, which is why they are so popular among racers.
The engine was configured on the dyno with a Meziere electric water pump and 5 quarts of Lucas 5W-30 synthetic oil. With the engine on the dyno and ready to run, it was time for the intake test. Run on the 347 with the dual-plane Performer RPM intake, the little stroker produced 434 horsepower at 6,200 rpm and 412 lb-ft of torque at 4,400 rpm. Torque production exceeded 400 lb-ft from 3,800 rpm to 5,100 rpm. After installation of the single-plane, Victor Jr. intake, the power output of the 347 increased to 441 horsepower at 6,500 rpm, but peak torque dropped slightly to 405 lb-ft at 5,000 rpm. The single-plane only managed to exceed 400 lb-ft from 4,600 to 5,200 rpm.